Gambling Research

work in progress


Casinonomics: The socioeconomic impacts of the casino industry
Springer 2013 | ISBN 978-1461471226 | Japanese translation published by Nikkei Business Publications, Tokyo 2015
For a free pdf copy, please send me an email request.

The economics of casino gambling
Springer 2007 | ISBN 978-3540351023 | Chinese translation published by Yang-Chih Book Co, Taiwan 2008

Working Papers

Behavioral effects of match play promotions, with Brent Evans (November 2023)

How will legal sports betting do in Arkansas? Working paper, based on report prepared for the Arkansas Center for Research in Economics (November 2018)

Journal Articles / Book Chapters


The relationship between the U.S. economy and consumer spending in the U.S. casino sector, with Russell Sobel and Alan Meister. Gaming Law Review.

A comparison of clustered and isolated casino performance in Missouri, with Todd nesbit. UNLV Gaming Research & Review Journal.


Quitting while you're ahead: Evidence for individual gambling thresholds from a survey of Massachusetts gamblers, with Debi LaPlante and Sarah Nelson. Journal of Gambling Business and Economics


Did video gaming expansion boost municipal revenues in Illinois? with Gary Wagner. Southern Economic Journal


The Conceptual Framework of Harmful Gambling: A revised framework for understanding gambling harm, with M. Hilbrecht, D. Baxter, et al. Journal of Behavioral Addictions.


Gambling taxes, with Colllin Hodges. Chapter 17 in For Your Own Good, edited by Adam Hoffer and Todd Nesbit. Mercatus Center at George Mason University. ISBN 978-1942951384.


 The effect of casino proximity on lottery sales: Evidence from Maryland, with Will Cummings and Chad Cotti. Contemporary Economic Policy


A review of regulatory theory and the U.S. casino industry, with Peter Calcagno. Journal of Gambling Business and Economics

 Social and economic impacts of gambling, with Russell Sobel. Current Addiction Reports


Setting win limits: An alternative approach to "responsible gambling"?, with Stephen Litvin, Russell Sobel, and Renée St-Pierre. Journal of Gambling Studies.
[Shorter/summary version of paper:  
Stopping when you're ahead: Win limits and responsible gambling]


The debate over legal casino gambling. Chapter 1 in Regulating Land Based Casinos, edited by Anthony Cabot. UNLV Gaming Press. ISBN 978-1939546074

How availability and accessibility of gambling venues influence problem gambling: A review of the literature, with Renée St-Pierre, Jeffrey Derevensky, and Rina Gupta. Gaming Law Review and Economics

Casino revenue sensitivity to competing casinos: A spatial analysis of Missouri, with Todd Nesbit. Growth and Change


 Overview of the economic and social impacts of gambling in the United States. Chapter in the Oxford Handbook of the Economics of Gambling,
edited by Leighton Vaughan Williams and Donald Siegel. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0199797912.

 Casinos and economic growth: An update, with John Jackson. Journal of Gambling Business and Economics

Casinos and political corruption in the United States, with Peter Calcagno. Applied Economics

The relationship of ADHD symptoms to gambling behavior in the USA: Results from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health,
with Chris Clark and Lia Nower. International Gambling Studies


Gambling on lotteries and casinos in Tennessee. Chapter in Freedom and Prosperity in Tennessee, edited by J.R. Clark. ISBN 978-0615703572.

William R. Eadington and the economics of gambling, with Kahlil Philander. UNLV Gaming Research & Review Journal

Tribute to the International Conference on Gambling & Risk-Taking. UNLV Gaming Research & Review Journal

Problems identified by Makela parallel those in "social cost of gambling" studies: A comment on "Cost-of-alcohol studies as a research program"
Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs


The financial returns to casino amenities, with Lonnie Bryant. Journal of Gambling Business and Economics

The roots of modern 'social cost of gambling' estimates, with Shannon Kelly. Economic Affairs

The effects of legalized gambling on state government revenue, with John Jackson. Contemporary Economic Policy

Casino revenues and retail property values: The Detroit case, with Jon Wiley. Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics


The impact of casinos on fatal alcohol-related traffic accidents in the United States, with Chad Cotti. Journal of Health Economics

 Casinos and crime in the U.S. Chapter in the Handbook on the Economics of Crime, edited by Bruce Benson and Paul Zimmerman. Edward Elgar.
ISBN 978-1847209542.

The relationship between gambling behavior and binge drinking, hard drug use, and paying for sex, with Chris Clark and Jessie Folk.
UNLV Gaming Research and Review Journal

Determinants of the probability and timing of commercial casino legalization in the United States, with Peter Calcagno and John Jackson.
Public Choice


Are gamblers more likely to commit crimes? Evidence from a nationally representative survey of U.S. young adults, with Chris Clark.
International Gambling Studies

Katrina and the Gulf states casino industry, with John Jackson. Journal of Business Valuation and Economic Loss Analysis


 Evaluating crime attributable to casinos in the U.S.: A closer look at Grinols and Mustard's "Casinos, crime, and community costs".
Journal of Gambling Business and Economics

 Clarification on the social costs of gambling. Journal of Public Budgeting, Accounting, and Financial Management

Market-based "disaster relief": Katrina and the casino industry, with John Jackson. International Journal of Social Economics

The diluted economics of casinos and crime. Econ Journal Watch

Do U.S. gambling industries cannibalize each other? with John Jackson. Public Finance Review

Do casinos really cause crime? Econ Journal Watch

Ongoing challenges in research on the social costs of gambling. Chapter in Economic Aspects of Gambling Regulation: EU and US Perspectives,
edited by Tom Coryn, et al. Martinus Nijhoff. ISBN 978-90-04-16559-5.


Do casinos cause economic growth? with John Jackson. American Journal of Economics and Sociology

Problems in quantifying the social costs and benefits of gambling. American Journal of Economics and Sociology

 Book review: Gambling in America, by Earl Grinols. Southern Economic Journal


 Kindt's paper epitomizes the problems in gambling research. Managerial and Decision Economics (2004)

 Methodological issues in the social cost of gambling studies. Journal of Gambling Studies (2003)

Is professional gambling a directly unproductive profit-seeking (DUP) activity? International Gambling Studies (2001)

The social costs of gambling: An economic perspective, with Andy Barnett. Journal of Gambling Studies (1999)
Published with a comment by Richard McGowan and a response by Walker and Barnett.

State lotteries, isolation, and economic growth in the U.S., with John Jackson. Review of Urban & Regional Development Studies (1999)

Legalized casino gambling and the export base theory of economic growth. Gaming Law Review and Economics (1999)

 New goods and economic growth: Evidence from legalized gambling, with John Jackson. Review of Regional Studies (1998)

Comment on "Legal gambling as a strategy of economic development". Economic Development Quarterly (1998)